What’s FIFA?

defaultWhat do you about FIFA? definitely related to football. Now we learn about what it is FIFA, FIFA formation history, and whom FIFA president Sepp Blatter before?. Now I will explain about FIFA.

FIFA

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA, /ˈfiːfə/; English: International Federation of Association Football) is the international governing body of association football, futsal and beach soccer. Its membership comprises 209 national associations. Its headquarters are in Zurich, Switzerland, and its president is Sepp Blatter. FIFA is responsible for the organisation of football’s major international tournaments, notably the World Cup.

History

The need for a single body to oversee association football became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. FIFA was founded in Paris on 21 May 1904; the French name and acronym persist even outside French-speaking countries. The founding members were the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain (represented by Madrid Football Club; the Spanish federation was not created until 1913), Sweden and Switzerland. Also, that same day, the German Association declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram.

The first president of FIFA was Robert Guérin. Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by then a member of the association. The first tournament FIFA staged, the association football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful than its Olympic predecessors, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.

Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1908, Argentina and Chile in 1912, and Canada and the United States in 1913.

During World War I, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures severely limited, the organisation’s survival was in doubt. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann. It was saved from extinction, but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations (of the United Kingdom), who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations later resumed their membership.

The FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum in England.

Structure

FIFA is an association established under the Laws of Switzerland. Its headquarters are in Zurich.

FIFA’s supreme body is the FIFA Congress, an assembly made up of representatives from each affiliated member association. The Congress has met 66 times since 1904; it now assembles in ordinary session once every year and, additionally, extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998. At the congress decisions are made relating to FIFA’s governing statutes and their method of implication and application. Only the Congress can pass changes to FIFA’s statutes. The congress approves the annual report, and decides on the acceptance of new national associations and holds elections. Congress elects the President of FIFA, its General Secretary, and the other members of FIFA’s Executive Committee on the year following the FIFA World Cup.[2] Each national football association has one vote, regardless of its size or footballing strength.

The President and General Secretary are the main officeholders of FIFA, and are in charge of its daily administration, carried out by the General Secretariat, with its staff of approximately 280 members. FIFA’s Executive Committee, chaired by the President, is the main decision-making body of the organisation in the intervals of Congress. FIFA’s worldwide organisational structure also consists of several other bodies, under authority of the Executive Committee or created by Congress as standing committees. Among those bodies are the Finance Committee, the Disciplinary Committee, the Referees Committee, etc.

Besides its worldwide institutions (presidency, Executive Committee, Congress, etc.) there are six confederations recognised by FIFA which oversee the game in the different continents and regions of the world. National associations, and not the continental confederations, are members of FIFA. The continental confederations are provided for in FIFA’s statutes, and membership of a confederation is a prerequisite to FIFA membership.
AFC – Asian Football Confederation
Australia has been a member of the AFC since 2006
CAF – Confederation of African Football
CONCACAF – Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football
Guyana and Suriname are CONCACAF members although they are in South America, as are French Guiana and Guadeloupe despite not being members of FIFA.
CONMEBOL – Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol
OFC – Oceania Football Confederation
UEFA – Union of European Football Associations
Teams representing transcontinental nations of Russia, Turkey and Kazakhstan are UEFA members, although the majority of their territory is outside of continental Europe. Cyprus and Israel are also members for political reasons. Monaco, Vatican City, Kosovo and Northern Cyprus are not members of UEFA or FIFA, while Gibraltar is only a provisional member of UEFA.

In total, FIFA recognises 209 national associations and their associated men’s national teams as well as 129 women’s national teams; see the list of national football teams and their respective country codes. FIFA has more member states than the UN, as FIFA recognises 23 non-sovereign entities as distinct nations, such as the four Home Nations within the United Kingdom or politically disputed territories such as Palestine. Only nine sovereign entities don’t belong to FIFA (Monaco, Vatican City, United Kingdom, Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Tuvalu, Palau and Nauru).

The FIFA World Rankings are updated monthly and rank each team based on their performance in international competitions, qualifiers, and friendly matches. There is also a world ranking for women’s football, updated four times a year.

Recognitions and awards

FIFA awards, each year, the title of FIFA Ballon d’Or to the top men’s and women’s players of the year, as part of its annual awards ceremony which also recognises team and international association football achievements. Until 2009, they awarded the FIFA Player of the Year to the best player, until it and the Ballon d’Or ceased to be awarded. At the Ballon d’Or banquet, the FIFA Puskás Award, the FIFA/FIFPro Best XI, FIFA Fair Play Award, and the FIFA Presidential Award are also awarded.

In 1994 FIFA published the FIFA World Cup All-Time Team. In 2000 FIFA published the results of an Internet poll, declaring Real Madrid to be the FIFA Club of the Century. In 2002 FIFA announced the FIFA Dream Team, an all-time all-star team chosen by fans in a poll.

As part of its centennial celebrations in 2004, FIFA organised a “Match of the Century” between France and Brazil

President of FIFA (Based from served as president).

Robert Guérin (1904–1906)From France ·

Daniel Burley Woolfall (1906–1918)From England·

Jules Rimet (1921–1954)From France ·

Rodolphe Seeldrayers (1954–1955) From Belgium ·

Arthur Drewry (1955–1961) From England ·

Stanley Rous (1961–1974) From England ·

João Havelange (1974–1998) From Brazil·

Sepp Blatter (1998–Present) From Switzerland.

That was the history of FIFA, may be useful for the reader and can be used as a sophisticated literary references.

The last i say wasalammualaikum wr.wb.

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