Making batik bojonegoro
On June 2013 yesterday, we have completed interviews with entrepreneurs batik in Bojonegoro, precisely on the highway dander. Here’s the information that we get from the interview, in which the four of us are defi, vita, elok, nurul with Mr. yoyok.
*Keynote Speaker: Mr. yoyok
-Questioner: “Assalamu’alaikum sir., we want students IKIP PGRI Bojonegoro, few know
about the Mr wrestled this business! ”
-Keynote Speaker: “Wa’alaikumsalam, Yes please!”
-Questioner: “sir, when you have start a business of batik?”
-Keynote Speaker: “About four years ago, I set up this business!”
-Questioner: “it had been four years yes Sir!”
-Keynote Speaker: “Yeah, four years!”
-Questioner: “There are any motive Bojonegoro and a Sir who owned a lot popular society Bojonegoro, sir ? ”
-Keynote Speaker: “There are many motives yes, there Gastro Rinonce, Corn Miji Gold, Mlimis
Mukti, Dahono Munggal Parang, Parang Jembur Rinandar Sekar, Pari
Sumilah, smart Thengul, Sata Gondo Wangi, Sekar Teak, but the
much-loved community or the buyer’s motives Teak Sekar, so that
Bojonegoro not fond of the course, the buyer is usually a
were from out of town. ”
-Questioner: “So where is the center of batik making Bojonegoro sir?”
-Keynote Speaker: “The headquarters are in Njono, precisely Kec.Temayang, Kab. Bojonegoro. ”
-Questioner :What Batik Supplies and How to make batik bojonegoro sir?
A. Batik Supplies
Batik equipment has not changed much. Judging from the equipment and how to do it, batik can be classified as a work that is both traditional.
Gawangan is a tool for hooking and spread mori while in batik. Gawangan made of wood or bamboo. Gawangan should be made such that a strong, lightweight, and easy to move.
2) The pendulum.
Pendulum is made of tin, wood, or stone placed in the bag. Principal function is to hold the pendulum new mori in batik is not easily displaced when blown by the wind or are interested in batik accidentally.
3) Frying Pan
Pans are utensils weeks to thaw the night. Pan made of steel or metal clay. Pan should be stemmed so easily raised and lowered from the fireplace without using other tools.
Stove is a tool for making fire. Stoves commonly used are oil-fired stove. But sometimes this stove can be replaced with a small gas stove, which uses charcoal brazier, and others. This serves as a fireplace stove and heating the ingredients used to make batik.
Tablecloth is a cloth to cover the thighs being exposed to droplets batik summer night when blown or time batik canting.
6) Filter Night
Sieve is a tool for filtering hot night with a lot of dirt. If the night is not filtered, dirt can interfere with the flow of the night at the end of canting. Meanwhile, when the night is filtered, dirt can be removed so it does not interfere with the course of the night at the end when it is used for batik canting.
There are various forms of sieve, the finer the better because the more dirt will be left behind. Thus, the net will be a hot night of dirt when used for batik.
Canting is a tool used to move or take fluids, made of copper and bamboo as a handle. This canting batik patterns used to write with liquid night. Currently, canting slowly using Teflon material.
Mori is the basic material of batik made from cotton. Mori quality assortment and determine the merits of its kind batik cloth produced. Mori necessary adjusted to the desired length of the short fabric.
There is no definitive measure of the length of cloth because the cloth is usually measured traditionally. The traditional measure called the Handkerchief. Handkerchief is a handkerchief, usually square in shape.
Thus, the size of the square is called sekacu mori, taken from the mori widths. Therefore, the long sekacu of a different kind will mori length mori sekacu of other types.
But in the present, the size is rarely used. Easier for people to use the square meter size to determine the length and width of the cloth. This measure has been applied nationally and ultimately easier for consumers when buying a batik cloth. This method can be used to reduce misunderstandings and the perception in the trading system.
9) Night (Candle)
Night (candle) is a material that is used for batik. Actually, not a night out (lost) because in the end the night will be taken back to mbabar process, the process of batik cloth until batikan be. Night used for batik is different from the night (candles) regular. Night to be quickly absorbed batik fabric, but can be easily separated when pelorodan process.
10) Dhingklik (Seating)
Dhingklik (seating) is a place to sit batik. Usually made of bamboo, wood, plastic, or metal. Currently, the seat can be easily purchased in stores.
11) Natural Dyes
Natural dyes are dyes that are used for batik. In some places batik, natural dyes are still maintained, especially if they want to get distinctive colors, which can not be obtained from artificial colors. Everything natural is special, and even advanced technology can not match something natural.
That’s the kind of batik equipment that must exist. Batik process requires considerable time, especially if the fabric is very broad and coraknya dibatik quite complicated.
B. Batik process
Here is a batik process that sequentially from beginning to end. Naming or mention how batik work in each region can vary, but the core is doing the same.
Ngemplong is the initial or preliminary stages, beginning with a wash cloth. The goal is to eliminate the kanji. Then proceed with pengeloyoran, which include cloth to castor oil or peanut oil that is already in the straw ash. Cloth put in castor oil so that the fabric becomes weak, so that the absorption of the dye is higher.
After going through the above process, given fabric starch and dried. Furthermore, the process pengemplongan, which hammered cloth to smooth fabric lining for easy dibatik.
2) Nyorek or Memola
Nyorek or memola is the process of copying or making a pattern on top of the cloth motif by copying existing patterns, or commonly referred to as ngeblat. Pattern is usually created on top of parchment paper first, and was traced to the pattern on the cloth. This stage can be done directly on the fabric or trace them using a pencil or canting. But for the coloring process can work well, do not break, and perfect, then the process needs to be repeated on the side batikannya fabric underneath. This process is called algae.
Mbathik a later stage, by night carved batik cloth, starting from Nglowong (draw the lines outside of the pattern) and Isen, Isen (fill patterns with various shapes). In the process of Isen, Isen there nyecek term, which makes the stuffing in a pattern that was made by way of giving the points (nitik). There is also the term nruntum, which is almost the same as Isen, Isen, but more complicated.
Nembok is the process of covering the parts that should not be exposed to the basic color, in this case blue color, using a night. Sections were covered with a thick layer of night as if it is a retaining wall.
Medel is a fabric dyeing process that has dibatik to color liquid repeatedly to get the desired color.
6) ngerok and Mbirah
In this process, a night on the cloth carefully scraped off using a metal plate, and then the fabric is rinsed with clean water. After that, the fabric aerated.
Mbironi is covered in blue and Isen, Isen cecek a pattern or points using the night. In addition, there is also ngrining process, ie the process of filling in the yet tinged with a certain motive. Typically, ngrining done after the dyeing process is done.
Menyoga derived from the saga, which is a kind of wood that is used to get the color brown. The way is to dip a cloth into the mixture brown.
Nglorod is the final stage in the process of making
batik cloth and batik cap that uses the color barrier (night). In this stage, batik release the entire night (candles) by inserting cloth is old enough color into the boiling water. Once appointed, the fabric is rinsed with clean water and then cooling it to dry arginkan. The process of making batik is quite long. Beginning to the end of the process can involve several people, and the completion of a stage of the process is also time consuming. Therefore, it is natural that batik cloth worth quite high.
-Questioner: “Who’s the mr. who first had the idea to start a business
-Keynote Speaker: “She is Mrs. Yoto, that idea she who made batik
This was a 9 motif, which is where the passing Jenogoroan Batik Design,
he who gave us the spirit to start a business Batik
Jenogoro this. ”
-Questioner: “So this batik public widely known than the city Bojonegoro
itself, can mean Sir was famous batik Bojonegoro yes! ”
-Keynote Speaker: “Yeah exactly like that, just last year we getting an award from the exhibition that we follow exactly in Surabaya. And this Bojonegoro batik alhamdlilah got another championship, which last year got a winner, and this year’s winner gets two. Surely if there is another exhibition we will Batik Typical roles include Bojonegoro this. ”
-Questioner: “Well, I am proud to be sir of the Bojonegoro
rich in culture.
How the father’s way of making batik? ”
-Keynote Speaker: “There are of hand painted, some from the paint directly with used special tools for batik processing course. ”
-Questioner: “How marketing goods sir?”
-Keynote Speaker:”The marketing can be directly delivered, can be purchased directly here,
Ordering can also according to the tastes of buyers yea, the size of the model, we serve live alone. ”
-Questioner: “Thank you for your time and information, assalamu’alikum!”
-Keynote Speaker: “Yeah equally, wa’alaikumsalam.”
Bojonegoro is a district that has a wealth of natural and cultural incredible. This wealth of inspiring Mother Mafudho Suyoto to make it as Batik motif. Through a design competition, it creates 9 Jonegoroan Batik motif.
Among others: Gastro Rinonce (Motif Refinery Oil and Gas), Corn Miji Gold (Corn Motif), Mliwis Mukti (Legendary Bird Motif Transcendental Angling Dharma, Mliwis White), Parang Dahono Munggal (Motif Tourism Eternal Fire, Fire Goda), Parang Sekar Jembul Rinandar (Cow Animal Motif), Pari Sumilak (Motif Rice), smart Thengul (Motif Puppet Thengul, typical Bojonegoro), Sata Gondo Wangi (Motif Tobacco), and Sekar Teak (Teak Leaves Motif).
Nine Jonegoroan motif above is a picture of the potential of Cultural and Natural Bojonegoro. For people who want to possess Jonegoro batik can get Temayang District, District Dander and Purwosari.
We as the future generation should be able to maintain and preserve the culture that we have here. Do not let the culture that we have we ignore and we do not preserve.
1. Defi vidiawati nim 10120170
2. Eni prasetyo Elok nim 10120178
3. Vita nurdiyana nim 10120184
4. Nurul hidayatin nim 10120205