Making of the bricks in Bojonegoro

batu bataon friday we have gone at company at Bojonegoro. that activities is a task from our lecturer. the task was post the industri or company at bojonegoro with group and my group was eko setiawan, Heri Kurniawan, and Me (Imam Muslih). in there we have interview with the owner of the company, his name was Mr. Totok, he was a human of  bojonogoro, who built the company of the brick since 1999 into this time.and this was our interview with him:

our group :” excuse us, we are student from IKIP PGRI Bojonegoro, we go in this company we want to do our task. that is interview with a the owner of industri in bojonegoro, can you help us to give information for us/”.

Mr.Totok :”emh… yes insyaallah, Iwill answer your quetions”.

our group: ” can you explanation step for making the bricks”.

Mr.Totok :” yes, i give you information about it,

1. Preparation Facility and Equipment.
a. Land elections.
Look for the red land shaped hills / a hill, and very red clay soil texture, which do not contain too much sand, soil texture will reduce the strength of the brick. Also close to the water source, as a mixture of red soil.

image for Land and Raw Materials Red Bricks

lahan dan bahan baku batu bata

b. Making buildings / factory.
Square footage of buildings ± 30m2.
The factory consists of 4 parts, namely:
1. Stirring place and Printing.
2. Drying place.
3. Combustion place.
4. Bricks gathering place ready for the market.

c. Equipment.
1. Printer machine Brick red soil serves as a stirrer in order to see through brick

Images for Machine Printer Bricks

mesin pencetak batubata

2. Domping machine, machine Domping served as a driver of brick making machines

Engineering drawings for Domping

3. Wooden carts.
4. Arco cart.
5. Hoe.
6. Shovel.

d. Fuel.
1. Solar.
2. Ulin wood.

e. Mixed materials.
1. Water.
2. Palm Oil.

2. Printing process.
Stages of Printing:

Red soil that had accumulated in flush with water.

Put the red soil using a shovel into the brick-making machines.

Process images for printing

Give palm oil in the discharge of brick mold on the machine, so the brick can be printed neatly, what if the mold bricks out of the printing press yet solid or broken, the work can be repeated, by entering the back ground red (brick) into the molding machine to mold bricks that came out really dense and neat.
Cut lengthwise brick mold with cutting tools that have been available. In a single brick cutting produces 3 seed.

image for Cutting Process

proses pemotongan

Lift and place or stacking prints have been cut neatly into tempatnya.Dengan brick making machines and 3 people in 1 day employees can print 5000 brick seed. Fuel used is diesel. Solar necessary in every brick of 1,000 seeds 1 liter.

The process of collecting images for print

proses pencetakan

3. Drying process.
Drying is carried up bricks to dry. This drying takes 5 days non-stop, with sunny weather records.

image for Drying Process

proses pembakaran

4. Combustion process.

The combustion process is done for 48 hours (2 days) non-stop. Any one time there are 70,000 seeds burning brick. Fuel used is a piece of ironwood, so that long-lasting fuel. Ironwood pieces are used as much as 2.5 ret dump tracks.
If the weather conditions (dry season), the combustion can be done every 20 days. If the weather conditions are rainy season, then burning can only be done 1 time in 1 month.

image for Combustion Process

proses penjemuran

5. Red Bricks ready to Marketed.
Results 1 time in combustion or 70,000 seeds usually purchased by 2 customers (2 houses).

our group:” thanks for your information, may be this information have enough, so we excuse, when we have time to stop in this place we will stop.


How to Write a Famous Blog

Blogs, or web logs, are one of the fastest-growing means of mass communication. Though blogs originally gained mainstream attention in the 2000’s through articles in prominent newspapers and magazines, several popular weblogs now rival traditional media outlets in terms of readership, and, arguably, cultural relevance. The “blogosphere” has affected elections and corporate policy, and some blogs have millions of readers a day. Moreover, they are fun to read, and writing them can be enjoyable, too.


  1. 1

    Choose what type of blog you want to create. Carve out a niche and pick a catchy title that captures the essence of your blog. Remember that a blog, like your clothes, is an extension of you. For most people, your blog site may be the only thing they identify you with and you want to be sure that who you are on the inside is reflected in your blog.

  2. 2

    Decide how often you are going to post. Some claim that posting at least once every day is best. Some also say that three quick posts a day are far more effective than one long post every three days. Yet others still claim that, when they update a blog every other day, they get more readers than when updating two or three entries in a single day. Write whenever you want – it’s the content that matters! Whatever you do, remember that, for most bloggers, it’s all about reading, and many of them would prefer quality over quantity. Once you get started, you’ll find that you attract a certain readership, and you may have to adjust how you work your journal to appease and keep the readers you’ve obtained.

  3. 3

    Get some things together beforehand. Some recommend putting together about a month’s worth of material before you tell anyone about your blog. It is recommended that you just start writing and fame will come in time. Feel free to go back and rewrite entries to make everything just the way you want before or after you “go public.” You can edit any entry at any time with most blog sites. Writing a popular blog doesn’t happen overnight. The essence of the blog stems from making journals which means the blog is FOR YOU. Work it how you feel is most appropriate.

  4. 4

    Tell close friends about your blog and ask them to tell their friends. Often, if you use it as another way to network with people around you, you’ll get a better response. If you push it too hard, don’t be surprised if they ignore your blog, because they may feel you’re fishing for compliments and attention…remember, blogging is about you, and the more attention you put into yourself, the more people are going to notice.

  5. 5

    Look around the Internet for blogs that people love to read. Read and post to them religiously. Leave a note that actually has something to do with their site so that they know you actually took the time to pay attention to the material posted. Do not expect anything back in return. Just commenting will cause others to be more likely to visit your blog and do the same. Often, when you make comments to sites, a link to your own personal site will already be included with your comment, unless you are posting from one hosting site to the next. If you’re at ITW and you read a blog on Myspace, then it would be appropriate to include such a link.


Edit Tips

  • For any new or advanced blogger, it would be wise to pay attention to those English classes and look for ways outside of your blog to expand your writing experience and expertise. Part of blogging is kind of like writing for a newspaper. Remember to keep your blogs well spaced, and if you can title them, be vague but attention-getting with the titles.
  • Remember you can be anonymous to most of your readers. This is one of the best aspects of blogging. No one has to know who you are! If you prefer, you can even invent a blog personality to use. Nonetheless, always consider that you should be nice and polite so everyone has a handy-dandy time online.
  • There are different types of blogs, but the majority fall into these three categories: personal/journal, collaborative (more than one author), and topical (based on a particular subject or niche). There are also photoblogs and link compilation blogs. Successful blogs find a niche and stick with it. Is there some aspect of your life you’re burning to share? Are you an expert in some field of knowledge? Are you obsessed with current events? Find your passion and your reason for starting the blog, and go for it. Again the key is: it’s for you; others will not be willing to read if they sense you’re trying too hard to be popular.
  • A personal blog is sometimes the hardest style to do. Even if you’re a brilliant writer and profoundly funny, you have to remember that people who know you “IRL” (in real life) may be accessing your journal. Some bloggers have found many quarrels have started because of information that was published in a personal blog. The key to this is: a) Only use first names if permission is given; if not, use the first initial of the person, and never use last names. b) If the information you share may get someone into trouble or hurt some feelings, then make the entry private (so only you can read it) or don’t post it at all. c) Remember that the blog is about you, not about gossip or what your mother’s uncle’s baby’s momma did to the guy across the bar last week…we don’t care, and I’m sure that person doesn’t want everyone on the world wide web to know either.
  • If you blog on topical subjects, look for blogs and forums that mention these topics and link your blog in a response. This is a very effective way of exposing your work to new readers.
  • HTML, the language used to design websites, is your friend. Learning basic HTML is far easier than the foreign language you studied in high school. The Help section of can teach you all the HTML you need to learn in order to manipulate your site, add links in text and anything else you need to make your site exactly the way you want it.
  • Do read the terms of use attentively before using the blog’s platform, once you start using the website; it will be considered that you accept their terms of use and agree to adhere to a policy. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THEIR TERMS OF USE, DO NOT USE THE SITE.
  • To be honest, no one really is going to care about your personal life unless it is actually entertaining or they are your close friends. Pick a target and roll with it. However, if you have something in your personal life that screams for attention, do the world a favor and write about it. Those who know you for your target topics will appreciate the fact you have added a personal element to your blog, and those who know you personally will join in the fun.
  • Linking to other established or authority websites is also a good way to network and make yourself known in your niche, and other bloggers to share the “link love” with people who link to their site.
  • A good way to make a popular blog is to make other blogs popular. That is, visit, read, and thoughtfully comment on other people’s blogs. On most blogger sites, a link to your own blog will be automatically included in your comment. So the more blogs you post on, the more people will be driven to visit your blog. Of course, don’t just go on and post one-word spam, because that might keep people away.

Study Tips in English

m;There are several study tips in English that can be recommended to new learners of the English language. The best study tips in English account for the complexity of the English language and suggest ways to break apart lesson plans in order to get the most out of them.


For example, one study tip that can be suggested is to go into each lesson plan with a positive attitude and a specific goal. A positive attitude is vital when studying English, because without it, one will grow increasingly frustrated as the subject matter grows more complex. This typically results in giving up on lessons and not reaching study goals for learning the English language, a sad situation indeed.


The second study tip in English, to set a specific goal surrounding each lesson plan, is also extremely important. The reason is one can venture into a lesson plan without any set plan and end up spending too much time on the wrong topic. By this tip, it means that at some point when studying the English language, one needs to venture away from focusing on specific parts of speech into more complex topics that may seem too difficult at first, but in the long run, will allow the learner of the English language to expand his or her education in English to a higher level.


For example, instead of spending time studying specific singular or plural nouns or verbs, it would be wise to understand the special singular-plural case rules, where certain rules will apply to most (but not all) situations, making overall English study more enjoyable for the learner. It won’t always make sense, but using these tips will ensure that the learner is focusing on a wide spectrum of topics, setting clear goals for study and maintaining the right attitude in the face of frustration, which will be inevitable as one takes on the challenge of learning English.

Importance of Learning a Foreign Language

image.phpThe importance of learning a foreign language cannot be over stated. It this increasingly global economy, one has a definite edge in the business world if one has the ability to speak, write and communicate effectively in more than one language. For example, even ten or twenty years ago, it was considered an asset to know a second of third language for an expansion of career opportunities. Trend watchers understood the reason for this, that society was becoming increasingly homogenized culturally, yet the global marketplace, as it opened up further and further, still required knowledge of language and culture beyond one’s own. The best method of learning a foreign language involves enrolling in either a total immersion language program at an accredited language school either online or in an in-person format. In doing this, one can begin to expand his or her career opportunities.While it is not easy to learn a second or third language if one was not born in a multi-cultural environment and had the benefit of learning a second or third language when he or she was young, where language is more easily retained, with the proper attitude, a good amount of effort, dedication, motivation and good instruction, one can master a second or third language. Learning a foreign language is best done with a specific goal in mind and a plan of attack for the level one wishes to obtain “mastery” of that language. It is one thing to go about learning a foreign language for travel and personal reasons, but in the global marketplace, clear goals must be set for learning a foreign language well above and beyond simple phrasing and conversational foreign language skills.

How to Develop Good Writing Skills in English

tgOne of the most often asked questions of English learners who are learning English as a second or third language is the question of how to develop good writing skills in English. This is not easily achieved, for the mastery of the spoken word often comes before mastery of the written work in English as well as other languages. But, developing good writing skills in English can be achieved through hard work, creativity and dedication to the writing process.When asked how to develop good writing skills in English, the best answer would be to encourage repetitive practice of English syntax. That is, a rehearsal that takes place every single day of proper sentence structures should be encouraged by English teachers. It is only through this daily recitation and practice of developing good writing skills in English, that mastery over written English can be achieved.Another excellent method of how to develop good writing skills in English would be to utilize the “buddy system” as much as possible. Ideally, taking English language classes with a friend or co-worker who can study with you when class is not in session is an excellent way to develop good writing skills in English. With this method, ideas can be bounced off of each other and writing mistakes analyzed in a group setting. Then, during class, questions and concerns can be approached from a more learned, powerful place.

Learning English as a second language

indexLearning English as a second language is a valuable tool in today’s international, globalized world. English is the language of commerce, the arts, and the internet, and anyone seeking to make statement worldwide needs a strong command of the English language and the ability to work with English as a medium of expression. Because of the benefits of learning English as a second language, today the language is the most frequently studied second language in the world, and mandatory study in many countries. Beyond this, English proficiency opens to the student a world of literature, sciences, and arts otherwise unknown.If you are looking into learning English as a second language, you should keep in mind that proficiency won’t come overnight. Learning a new language is a process, but one that can be both fun and exciting in addition to profitable. If you really want to become fluent in English, the best way to do so is to immerse yourself in your new language by studying abroad in a place, like London, where this new language is the dominant mode of communication. Language immersion helps you to gain skills and practice in real world situations where you will begin using your new language immediately and develop your skills faster. Learning English as a second language is an exciting adventure, and one that becomes all the more stimulating when you travel to an English-speaking land like London to gain real world experience.

experience about learning english

experienceEvery one knows that English is so important today, but how to do and learn it well? Let me share some experience for you. According to a report of newspaper form American’s universities said that in the future, most of schools will ask every student to be capable of reading and writing well. And Students have to take examinations in writing or reading .Of course, schools will also ask students to show their testes before entering schools .Therefore, it is more important today than it was in the past.
Based on my perception, I really agree this topic because when you are raising your ability t read and write, you can search more and more information what you want. Besides, you can write yourself more than others. No doubt to say, you will understand most of meaning after you read it. So, you have to read more articles as soon as you can. For instance, reading some fairy stories or novels that you can figure out every sentence and grammar .Furthermore, you can watch some movies so that listening her or his accent and learning some simple words. Keep going and stay by stay that your English is better day after day. If you are able to make time to push your English, you can write down every sentence when you are watching movies or listening the tapes. Then, repeating again that you will realize how is so amazing way. The most important thing is when you are reading the article, you should speak and pronounce it. Not only that, you can use recording machine to record it .Actually, it is so funny because I find out my pronunciation is so strange and not smooth. It really help you to know how good you are and where you should make it up.
However, most of people are so worried about vocabulary, especially, to remember a plenty of words. For me, I am not so worried about reminding words because I will separate every time to remember all of words and figure out how to pronounce it. It is really good for me to do it. If I cannot remember words, I am not upset. The reason why I am not so disappointed? I know I can read some article and some words is repeated. Then I am able to remember words more and more time. Thus, don’t be feeling bad if you cannot memory all of words. It is a bit difficult that remembering words in the first time or a shorter time.
Finally, don’t be shy and try to talk some foreign people if you have a chance. Even though, you are capable to read, write, and listen very good, but your pronunciation is so bad. It is also no use.
The reason is you cannot chat with people and communicate your friends in your daily life. If you want to find the job, you should have an interview. Therefore, you are able to talk with your boss how good you are or your good idea. And then speak well and frequently otherwise; you can fire out or not be hired. As a result, it is defiantly important thing to chat with your friends or people if you have a chance. Moreover, if you cannot understand what is meaning, you can ask others immediately. Then you will learn more and enjoy the good time. Thus, trying to copy and learn some people pronounce if you think she or he is good. Don’t give up day after day, I think that pronunciation is improved and frequently as same as American.
Above list of my experience, if you are same problem with me, you can try to use my way to chance yourself. Maybe, it is good for you.

Misconceptions About Adults’ Moral Development

gfayahYet there may be a bigger obstacle to adults developing important moral qualities, and that obstacle is a fundamental cultural misconception about the nature of adults’ moral lives. Most adults, including most teachers, don’t view themselves as engaged in their own moral growth. We have the peculiar notion that our moral natures are established by late childhood—and that as adults, we simply live out the die that is cast.

Yet new models of adult development suggest that adults’ ethical qualities do not remain static at all—they zigzag depending on many factors (Noam, 1995). Some adults become more generous and compassionate over time; others become more selfish. Some adults become wiser, more able to distill important moral truths; others’ notions of fairness become more formulaic or coarse. Many people lose their moral enthusiasms. Every stage of adulthood brings both new moral weaknesses and new moral strengths.

This capacity for change means that the typical adult has not reached his or her moral potential. King Lear does not develop compassion or a mature sense of justice until he nears death. Schools face the challenge of creating cultures in which teachers come to view appreciating and being generous to others, acting with fairness and integrity, and formulating mature and resilient ideals as evolving and subtle capacities. “There is nothing noble in being superior to somebody else,” civil rights leader Whitney Young says. “The only real nobility is in being superior to your former self.”

Much of what passes for character education in schools simply has no influence on adults’ emotional or moral qualities. The constant exhortations that teachers receive to become better role models generate by themselves neither the internal commitments nor the external guidance and support that teachers need to develop these qualities. Minimally, an effective moral education effort would include specific strategies for helping adults deal with disillusionment and helplessness and would focus on creating a culture that supports teachers in their emotional and moral growth.

Toward Effective Moral Education

Schools clearly can’t respond to all the troubles that lead to helplessness and hopelessness in teachers. But they can focus on two prime causes: the strain of dealing with students with behavior troubles; and isolation.
Many schools now put a priority on helping teachers work with students with behavior problems, not only because these problems are so fraying to teachers but also because the problems undercut the learning of all students in the classroom. Happily, programs exist to help teachers deal effectively with these students. The best give teachers specific strategies and break down teachers’ isolation, creating stronger, more caring school communities. An example is the Child Development Project, an elementary school program designed, implemented, and evaluated by the Developmental Studies Center in Oakland, California (Battistich et al., 1991). Among the many supports provided, teachers learn effective discipline strategies and receive help in developing students’ intrinsic motives to act constructively and cooperatively, including engaging students in rule setting, decision making, and problem solving. Over the past four years, I have worked in two Boston elementary schools with Robert Selman, Bethany Montgomery, and Alison Auderieth on a similar project, which trains a diverse cadre of graduate students to work with schools on these goals.
Schools might also assist in getting the small number of teachers suffering from serious depression into treatment. Such treatment has dramatically improved in the past 25 years (Beardslee, 2002). I am certainly not suggesting that school administrators identify depressed teachers and pressure them into getting therapy. But schools could play a much bigger role by participating in the National Institute of Mental Health’s ongoing public education campaign on depression awareness and screening, including using posters and other materials to inform both parents and teachers about the symptoms of depression and about treatment resources.
Although a mountainous literature exists on depression, psychologists have remarkably little understanding of dis-illusionment. They don’t even have a vocabulary for talking about it. But disillusionment—especially the loss of a belief that they can make a difference in students’ lives—is one of the biggest reasons that nearly one-half of teachers in the United States leave the profession within their first five years (Education Week, 2001). Disillusionment is not necessarily bad. Strictly speaking, disillusionment is freedom from illusion. It is the ability to face and absorb a greater portion of reality—a foundation for wisdom and maturity. But disillusionment turns pernicious when it slides into helplessness and passivity—when teachers don’t have the confidence, support, or opportunities for the creativity needed to master these realities.
There is a great deal of talk these days about stronger, more coherent mentoring programs for new teachers, and these new programs are vital for helping teachers work through disillusionment. Mentors can assist teachers in developing their competence and talents, but they can also be responsive to teachers at precisely those moments when new teachers’ images and expectations about teaching collide with difficult realities. Mentors can help new teachers be realistic and take pride in seemingly small accomplishments.
Mentors can also help new teachers think about creative, diverse career paths within the teaching profession that might enable them to use their talents and have a larger impact on students’ lives. Research suggests that using their talents and growing professionally are significantly more important than status or salary in boosting teachers’ morale (Heath, 1994). A growing chorus of educators and researchers now call for revamping teachers’ career opportunities to allow teachers to become innovative and entrepreneurial—for example, enabling them to start their own programs, conduct research, take sabbaticals in the private sector, or assume leadership roles.
Such changes as these should be one piece of a broad effort to support both teachers’ ethical growth and their ability to guide students’ ethical growth. New modes of professional development focused on improving instruction can teach us much in this regard. District 2 in New York, for example, has attracted attention for revamping professional development so that teachers regularly observe and reflect on one another’s practice. Veteran professionals with expertise in such important content areas as literacy also coach teachers.
School districts need to do much more to promote professional cultures that focus on both academic instruction and developing adults’ ethical awareness and skills. Teachers, guided by coaches, could provide feedback to one another on such topics as earning respect and trust, creating a caring community, dealing with challenging students, and identifying and reversing the downward spirals in which students and adults get caught.
Teachers need opportunities to reflect on why they have difficulty empathizing with particular students, on their successes and failures in cultivating students’ moral thinking, and on the state of their own ideals. Teachers need emotional support from their colleagues in dealing with chronic stress. And administrators need to learn the art of creating opportunities for this emotional support without turning schools into the kinds of therapeutic cultures that would estrange many teachers.
None of this, of course, will be easy. But it doesn’t have to be yet another task for schools already burdened with the hard work of improving instruction. Much of the work can be done in the context of what schools should be doing anyway to support new teachers and to promote good instruction, and much of it—creating strong communities, helping teachers manage students with behavior problems, increasing adults’ capacity for reflection—will certainly serve academic goals. Best of all, this approach, unlike so many current character education efforts, stands a real chance of nurturing in children the qualities that they need to become caring and responsible adults


Battistich, V., Watson, M., Solomon, D., Schaps, E., & Solomon, J. (1991). The Child Development Project: A comprehensive program for the development of prosocial character. In J. L. Gewirtz & W. M. Kurtines (Eds.), Handbook of moral behavior and development (Vol. 3). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

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