Forming Adverbs from Adjectives

Here are some guidelines on forming adverbs from adjectives:

  1. In a large number of the cases, the adverb can be formed by simply adding ‘-ly’ to the adjective.

ADJECTIVE                                                  ADVERB

Cheap                                                              Cheaply

Quick                                                              Quickly

Strong                                                             Strongly


  1. If the adjective ends in with ‘y’, replace the ‘y’ with an ‘i’ and add ‘-ly’.

ADJECTIVE                                                  ADVERB

Ready                                                              Readily

Merry                                                              Merrily

Easy                                                                Easily


  1. If the adjective ends with ‘-le’, replace the ‘e’ at the end with ‘y’.

ADJECTIVE                                                  ADVERB

Understandable                                               Understandably

Forcible                                                           Forcibly

Possible                                                           Possibly


  1. If the adjective ends with ‘-ic’, add ‘-ally’.

ADJECTIVE                                                  ADVERB

Idiotic                                                             Idiotically

Tragic                                                              Tragically

Basic                                                               Basically

An exception to this rule is ‘public’, whose adverbial form is ‘publicly’.


  1. Some adjectives do not change form at all.

ADJECTIVE                                                  ADVERB

Fast                                                                 Fast

Straight                                                           Straight

Hard                                                                Hard


  1. In the case of the adjective ‘good’, the corresponding adverb is ‘well’.



Question Words

DIN015  Question Words are words used to form interrogative sentence. The words include words question is What, Who, Whom, Whose, Which, Why, Where, When, and How.

Pattern of Question Words

QW + Modal + Subject + Verb + Object

What (What / who):

-> Asking nouns (names of people)


– What did she buy?

– What are you looking for?

– What will they build here?

– What is your name?
– What is his name?

-> Asking job or profession


– What is he?

– What does the man do?

– What are you doing?

Who (Who / others)

->Asking Subject name (actor) / person doing


– Who takes my pen?
– Who put this book on the table?

– Who cleaned this room?

->Asking Object (The person who became the object)

(the PRESENT tense)


– Who do you mean?

– Who is the man?

– Who are you talking about?

Whom  (Who / others): Asking Object

(person to object) (its tense than PRESENT)


– Whom will you send the letter to?

– Whom did you talk to?

– Whom have they invited to the party?

– Whom did she go with?

Whose (Owned / had anyone): To ask the owner of an object


– Whose pen is this?

– Whose dictionary can I borrow?

– I found this wallet in my bag. Whose is this?

– Whose brother will take care of the children?

Which (Which): Asking options


– Which pen is yours?

– Which is your bag?

– Which man will you support?

– Which girl sang the song?

Why(why): To ask the cause or reason


– Why do you come late?

– Why does she look so sad?

– Why don’t you join us?
– Why didn’t he repair that chair?

Where (Where): Asking Place


– Where did he go last night?

– Where will they go on this vacation?
– Where shall I put this fan? Where is your mother?

When (When): Asking the time of the activity


– When you were born?

– When did he arrive from Singapore?

– When will they arrive in Japan?
– When did you send the letter to him?


->  Say hello / state (how’s / state …)


– How are you this morning?

– How are your parents?

– How are you doing?
– How do you do?

-> Asking how (how to …)

– How did he play football?

– How does he go to school?
– How did she cut the tree?

-> Asking price / number of objects

what price …: much (uncountable)

how much …: many (countless)

– How much is this book?

– How much coffee do you put in my glass?

– How much do you pay for this pen?
– How many this apples?

-> Asking age (how old …)

– How old are you? How old is your grand mother?
– How old is the building?

-> Asking the nature of objects (how / how / se … [adjective] …)

– How high is the building?

– How deep is the river?

– How tall are you?
– How blue is your uniform?

-> Asking frequency (frequent, rare) (how often / rarely …)

– How often do you go to the library?

– How rare you take a bath?
– How often has your father angry with you?

-> Asking the duration (how long …)

– How long have you been waiting here?

– How long you take a bath?

– How long did he sleep?
– How long mother cook the cake?

That was the explanation of Question Words, I hope this article can be a source of reference for the readers. Thank you for your attention and if there are criticisms and suggestions to the author simply commented on the “comments”


ENGLIS Now we learn about “Prepositional  Verbs & Phrasal Verbs” and the example of Prepositional Verbs & Phrasal Verbs. So let’s read it.


There are a very large number of combinations of verb+preposition. Prepositions always

have objects:

Please look after the children.

I’ve fallen for you in a big way.

In English, the preposition does not always come before its object; in certain kinds of

sentence, it can come at the end of the clause: What are you talking about?

Prepositional verbs are those which accept the passive and/or the pronominal question,

but not the adverbial question form.


When a verb is used with an adverb particle the combination is called a phrasal verb.

There are a very large number of these in English. The meaning of a phrasal verb is often very

different from the meanings of the two words taken separately. In order to understand the

meaning of a phrasal verb, you may have to refer to the dictionary. Phrasal verbs can be

intransitive (not followed by a direct object) or transitive (followed by a direct object).


break down (transitive)

get up (transitive)

sit down (transitive)

turn up (transitive)


bring something up (=mention it)

kick somebody out (=expel him)

put something off (=postpone it)

throw something away (=accommodate him)

turn something down (=refuse it).

When a phrasal verb has a direct object, the two parts of the verb can usually be

separated: the adverb particle can be put before or after the object.

We’ll have to put off the party/put the party off.

Why don’t you throw away that stupid hat/throw that stupid hat away?

Could you put up my sister/put my sister up for three nights?

However, when the object is a pronoun, the adverb particle can only go after the object:

We’ll have to put it off.

Could you put her up?

Phrasal and prepositional verbs display certain phonological and syntactic differences.


There are a few verbs which consist of three parts: a base verb, an adverb particle and a

preposition: to get on with, to put up with, to check up on. These look complicated, but in fact,

they are used in the same way as any other prepositional verb. For example, to get on with

follows the same rules as to go with. Compare:

I get on well with Jill.

I often go to the theatre with Jill.

He’s difficult to put up with.

He’s difficult to work with

That was an explanation of Propositional verbs & phrasal verbs, I hope this article can be a source of reference for the readers. Thank you for your attention and if there are criticisms and suggestions to the author simply commented on the “comments”

Kind of Text

wordle-infoaccess_20080725-51 Hello reader. Now i will explain to you Kind of Text. So you must read it.


Purpose: To amuse/entertain the readers and to tell a story

Generic Structure:

1. Orientation

2. Complication

3. Resolution

4. Reorientation

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using Past Tense

2. Using action verb

3. Chronologically arranged


Purpose: to retell something that happened in the past and to tell a series of past event

Generic Structure:

1. Orientation

2. Event(s)

3. Reorientation

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using Past Tense

2. Using action verb

3. Using adjectives

Narrative and recount in some ways are similar. Both are telling something in the past so narrative and recount usually apply PAST TENSE; whether Simple Past Tense, Simple Past Continuous Tense, or Past Perfect Tense. The ways narrative and recount told are in chronological order using time or place. Commonly narrative text is found in story book; myth, fable, folklore, etc while recount text is found in biography.

The thing that makes narrative and recount different is the structure in which they are constructed. Narrative uses conflicts among the participants whether natural conflict, social conflict or psychological conflict. In some ways narrative text combines all these conflicts. In the contrary, we do not find these conflicts inside recount text. Recount applies series of event as the basic structure


Purpose: to describe a particular person, place or thing in detail.

Dominant Generic Structure:

1. Identification

2. Description

Language Features:

1. Using Simple Present Tense

2. Using action verb

3. Using adverb

4. Using special technical terms


Purpose: to presents information about something, as it is.

Generic Structure

1. General classification

2. Description

Dominant Language Feature

1. Introducing group or general aspect

2. Using conditional logical connection

3. Using Simple Present Tense


Purpose: To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or socio-cultural phenomena.

Generic Structure:

1. General statement

2. Explanation

3. Closing

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using Simple Present Tense

2. Using action verbs

3. Using passive voice

4. Using noun phrase

5. Using adverbial phrase

6. Using technical terms

7. Using general and abstract noun

8. Using conjunction of time and cause-effect.


Purpose: To reveal the readers that something is the important case

Generic Structure:

1. Thesis

2. Arguments

3. Reiteration/Conclusion

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using modals

2. Using action verbs

3. Using thinking verbs

4. Using adverbs

5. Using adjective

6. Using technical terms

7. Using general and abstract noun

8. Using connectives/transition


Purpose: to persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case or be done

Generic Structure:

1. Thesis

2. Arguments

3. Recommendation

Dominant Language features:

1. Using Simple Present Tense

2. Using modals

3. Using action verbs

4. Using thinking verbs

5. Using adverbs

6. Using adjective

7. Using technical terms

8. Using general and abstract noun

9. Using connectives/transition

Then what is the basic difference between analytical and hortatory exposition. In simple word. Analytical is the answer of “How is/will” while hortatory is the answer of “How should”. Analytical exposition will be best to describe “How will student do for his examination? The point is the important thing to do. But for the question” How should student do for his exam?” will be good to be answered with hortatory. It is to convince that the thing should be done


Purpose: to help readers how to do or make something completely

Generic Structure:

1. Goal/Aim

2. Materials/Equipments

3. Steps/Methods

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using Simple Present Tense

2. Using Imperatives sentence

3. Using adverb

4. Using technical terms


Purpose: to present information and opinions about issues in more one side of an issue (‘For/Pros’ and ‘Against/Cons’)

Generic Structure:

1. Issue

2. Arguments for and against

3. Conclusion

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using Simple Present Tense

2. Use of relating verb/to be

3. Using thinking verb

4. Using general and abstract noun

5. Using conjunction/transition

6. Using modality

7. Using adverb of manner


Purpose: to critique or evaluate an art work or event for a public audience

dominant Generic Structure:

1. Orientation

2. Evaluation

3. Interpretative Recount

4. Evaluation

5. Evaluative Summation

Dominant Language features:

1. Focus on specific participants

2. Using adjectives

3. Using long and complex clauses

4. Using metaphor


Purpose: to share with others an account of an unusual or amusing incident

Generic Structure:

1. Abstract

2. Orientation

3. Crisis

4. Reaction

5. Coda.

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using exclamations, rhetorical question or intensifiers

2. Using material process

3. Using temporal conjunctions


Purpose: to tell an event with a humorous twist and entertain the readers

Generic Structure:

1. Orientation

2. Event(s)

3. Twist

Dominant Language Features:

1. Using Past Tense

2. Using action verb

3. Using adverb

4. Chronologically arranged


Purpose: to inform readers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important

Dominant Generic Structure:

1. Newsworthy event(s)

2. Background event(s)

3. Sources

Dominant Language Features:

1. Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline

2. Using action verbs

3. Using saying verbs

4. Using adverbs : time, place and manner.

That was the explanation of the Kind of Text, I hope this article could be a source of reference for the readers. Thank you for your attention and if there are criticisms and suggestions to the author simply commented on the “comments”

english is important

science without religion is blind and religion without science is lame,so don’t give up to get your future, study english is so easy when you know that it is more important than you just sleep without do anything”

Up ↑